Developing Coastal States Facing Ocean Issues

[dropcap]T[/dropcap]here are a lot of obstacles that had to be handling by developing Coastal States. These obstacles include cultural, financial, legal, natural disasters and political aspects to issue and implement management measures to use and preserve marine ecosystems in a sustainable way, especially in the case of fisheries resources.

All Coastal States have the right to use oceans according to the international and customary law, they have also the responsibility to manage stocks occurring within their exclusive economic zones of two or more coastal States or both within the exclusive economic zone and in an area beyond and adjacent to it. That is why countries like the Members of the Organization for Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector of the Central American Isthmus –OSPESCA, are looking to enforce regional regulations intended to manage some resources in common the best way as possible with the harmonization of proceedings and implementation of standards aimed to eradicate illegal fishing.

The OSPESCA Members are cooperating in the establishment of equitable arrangements on a regional basis to exploit, use and preserve living resources. Nowadays there is a regulation range that includes the following topics:

1. Regional aquaculture and fisheries registry
2. Regional regulation for lobster (Panulirus argus)
3. Regional vessel monitoring system
4. Ethic code for responsible fisheries
5. Prohibition for shark finning
6. Proper use of the turtle excluder device
7. Strengthens the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) stocks
8. Prevent, discourage and eliminate illegal fishing

Developing Coastal States as the prior mentioned, know that there is nothing impossible, maybe there are some obstacles in their ways to find a common goal named: Regional Sustainability. But they also know that a key to accomplish that goal is the enforcement of laws and regulations that should be issued to face the problems which are affecting our oceans, such as illegal fishing and the tragedy of the commons.

On World Oceans Day 2014, we have to remember that we all have the power to protect our Oceans!


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